The next stage is the Mitreo of the Ara Maxima of Hercules in the area of the Foro Boario, the plain considered the site of the oldest settlement of the city. Discovered in the 1930s, the Mitreo was built in the 3rd century. A.D. in a building dated to the previous century, of which five rooms are preserved. In one of these environments you can admire a great relief depicting the God Mitra that kills the bull. At this point we proceed in the direction of Piazza Aracoeli, where are visible the remains of a Roman insula dating back to the 2nd century A.D. discovered during the work carried out between 1929 and 1942. It represents a rare and complex testimony of a Roman “house for rent”, the most common form of dwelling in Imperial Rome. Of particular interest is also the insula of St. Paul under the sixteenth century Palazzo Specchi.
Our tour to discover Ancient Rome continues with a visit to the Hypogeum of via Livenza, not far from the Aurelian walls, where there was the large burial site. Of the monument, found in 1923 during the construction of a building, is preserved only a small trapezoidal portion, which alone can give an idea of the splendour and the peculiarity of this place. Finally, the itinerary ends with a visit to the Mausoleum of Lucilio Peto in Via Salaria, also known as the Sepulchre of the Lucilii Family. The monument, dating back to the last years of the 1st century B.C., was discovered in 1887 at about 6 meters of depth compared to the modern street level.