Santa Maria in Domnica, also known as Santa Maria alla navicella
It is a basilica in Rome. It stands on the top of the Celio hill, in the current Piazza della Navicella. It is the seat of the Titulus S. Mariae in Domnica, established in 678 by Pope Agathon. The attribute “in Domnica” has been the subject of different interpretations. One derives it from dominicum, “of the Lord”.
Another refers to the name of Ciriaca, a woman who lived near the church, and whose name would have meant “belonging to the Lord”.
The alternative attribute “alla navicella” refers to the Roman sculpture of a ship already placed in ancient times in the small square in front of the church, which was then lost and rebuilt under Pope Leo A first church was built here in ancient times, near the barracks of the fifth cohort of the Vigiles of Rome.
The church is remembered in the acts of the synod of Pope Symmachus in 499. Pope Paschal I, whose papacy coincided with an era of renewal and artistic splendor that involved Rome at the beginning of the 9th century, rebuilt the basilica in 818- 822, providing it with a notable mosaic display.